Anthracite budgies [Appearance, Breeding, Genetics]

Leslie Berry
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It’s believed that the first anthracite mutation appeared in Germany in 1998.

The anthracite budgerigar mutation is an extremely rare color mutation.

A budgie breeder Hans-Jürgen H. Lenk (RIP) was able to breed an anthracite budgie in 1998. Lenk had reproduced many anthracite budgies and also gave three anthracite budgie males to other breeders.

Anthracite budgies
Anthracite budgie images from Hans-Jürgen H. Lenk archive (Image source: http://www.standardwellensittichzucht-lenk.de/zuchtv.html)

The anthracite mutation is quite similar to The English Grey budgie mutation. Many breeders assume that the anthracite mutation is a re-emerged version of the English Budgie mutation. However, this topic is still controversial.

The appearance of anthracite budgies

Anthracite budgies have an anthracite-colored body, back, chest, flanks, and belly. Usually, the color depth is equal on every part of the body.

The anthracite budgies have black markings on the head, neck, back, and wings. The black markings cover the main color of the body, which can be white or yellow.

Flight, tail feathers, and throat spots are black. The face mask is white or yellow, based on the main base color of the budgie.

Legs and feet are gray or blue to silver-gray, and eyes are black with a white iris.

Here is a table of information about the appearance of the anthracite budgies:

Body-colorTrunk, back, chest, flanks, and belly evenly anthracite.
MarkingsBlack on the head, neck, back, and wings on a white or yellow background.
Flight feathersBlack, jet black
Tail feathersBlack, jet black
Face maskWhite or yellow
Cheek spotsCharcoal grey, deep black
Throat SpotsBlack
Legs and feetGray or blue to silver-gray
EyesBlack with a white iris
The anthracite budgie appearance table
Anthracite budgies
Anthracite budgie (2. From left.)
“In the picture, you can clearly see how dark these anthracite budgies are compared to other budgies I have bred. They look almost black when the sun comes in through the window.” Hans-Jürgen H. Lenk had written about this photo. (Photo source: http://www.standardwellensittichzucht-lenk.de/artikel12.html)

Mutations and genetics (How do you breed an anthracite budgie?)

The anthracite mutation is a recessive mutation.

To breed a budgie that visually looks like an anthracite budgie, both parents must have anthracite genes.

The anthracite mutation can be combined with other mutations such as opaline, yellow face, spangle, and pied.

It is a new challenge for budgie breeders to breed new combinations of anthracite mutation with blue and green series.

Anthracite budgie breeding expectation table

DF Anthracite x DF Anthracite100% Anthracite
DF Anthracite x EF Anthracite50% EF Anthracite
50% DF Anthracite
DF Anthracite x Normal100% EF Anthracite
EF Anthracite x EF Anthracite25% Normal
50% EF Anthracite
25% DF Anthracite
EF Anthracite x Normal50% Normal
50% EF Anthracite
Anthracite budgies breeding expectation table

Are anthracite budgies rare?

Yes, anthracite budgie is a new mutation compared to other well-known mutations. The anthracite mutation began to be systematically produced in 1998 at the earliest.

Anthracite budgie photos

Anthracite budgies
An anthracite budgie photo
Anthracite budgies
An anthracite budgie chick photo
Anthracite budgies
A 2F female anthracite budgie
Anthracite budgies
A 2F female anthracite budgie
Anthracite budgies
A 2 F male anthracite budgie. Green series.
Anthracite budgies
A 1F male anthracite budgie. Green series.
Anthracite budgies
A 2F female anthracite budgie
Anthracite budgies
A 2F male anthracite budgie
Anthracite budgies
A 2F male anthracite budgie
Anthracite budgies
A 2F male anthracite budgie
Anthracite budgies
A 1F male anthracite dark blue budgie
Anthracite budgies
A 1F male anthracite gray-green budgie
Anthracite budgies
A 1F female anthracite dark blue budgie
Anthracite budgies
A 1F male anthracite dark green

Resources:

  1. http://www.standardwellensittichzucht-lenk.de/artikel24.html
  2. http://www.standardwellensittichzucht-lenk.de/artikel43.html
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20110708103256/http://www.budgerigarsociety.com/Budgerigar_Society_Convention_2006.asp
  4. http://www.standardwellensittichzucht-lenk.de/zuchtv.html